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Location and Geography of Rajaji National Park


Humanity has always found awe and inspiration in nature. The diverse landscapes, unique flora, and majestic fauna that our planet offers are worth preserving and protecting. In India, the Rajaji National Park stands as a testament to this commitment to preserving the natural world. Located in the northern state of Uttarakhand, this national park showcases the breathtaking beauty of the Himalayan foothills while serving as a vital habitat for various endangered species. In this blog, we will delve into the location and geography of Rajaji National Park, uncovering the secrets of its natural splendor.


Rajaji National Park is nestled in the Shivalik Range of the Himalayas, spread across the districts of Haridwar, Dehradun, and Pauri Garhwal in the state of Uttarakhand, India. Its strategic location makes it easily accessible from major cities in the region. The park is situated approximately 10 kilometers from Haridwar, 38 kilometers from Dehradun, and 240 kilometers from the national capital, New Delhi. This proximity to urban centers has contributed significantly to its popularity among tourists and nature enthusiasts.

Location and Geography of Rajaji National Park
Location and Geography of Rajaji National Park


The geography of Rajaji National Park is nothing short of enchanting. It spans over 820 square kilometers and is a part of the larger Shivalik Elephant Reserve. The park is named after C. Rajagopalachari, a well-known liberation warrior and India’s final governor-general. It was declared a national park in 1983, primarily to protect the Bengal tiger, and subsequently, it was designated as a tiger reserve in 2015.

Rivers and Streams:

  • The Ganges: The Ganges River, one of the holiest and most revered rivers in India, graces the northern boundary of Rajaji National Park. Its crystal-clear waters flow majestically through the park’s expanse, providing a lifeline for both wildlife and local communities. The Ganges is not only a source of water but also a vital element of the park’s unique charm, offering breathtaking vistas as it meanders through dense forests.

  • The Chilla River: Forming the eastern boundary of the park, the Chilla River is another significant watercourse. The convergence of the Ganges and the Chilla River within the park creates a dynamic ecosystem that supports a wealth of biodiversity. These rivers, with their abundant aquatic life, serve as critical watering holes for Rajaji’s residents, especially during the dry season.

Hills and Valleys:

  • Shivalik Range: The park’s geography is dominated by the Shivalik Range, which is a part of the outermost foothills of the Himalayas. The undulating terrain forms a stunning mosaic of hills and valleys. These rolling hills not only provide scenic beauty but also contribute to the creation of various microclimates within the park.

  • Elevation Variation: Rajaji National Park’s elevation varies significantly, ranging from 300 meters to 1,600 meters above sea level. This elevation gradient creates a diverse range of ecosystems and habitats, from lush lowland forests to cool and misty high-altitude areas. Visitors can explore these different zones, each with its own set of flora and fauna, as they traverse the park.

Location and Geography of Rajaji National Park
Location and Geography of Rajaji National Park


  • Mixed Deciduous Forests: The park’s mixed deciduous forests are a hallmark of its rich biodiversity. These forests feature a tapestry of tree species, including sal, teak, Sheesham, and khair. The dense canopy provides shade and shelter to a multitude of wildlife species while offering a cool respite for visitors.

  • Sal Forests: Rajaji is renowned for its extensive sal forests, which are dominated by the towering sal trees. These forests are not only aesthetically captivating but also serve as vital habitats for various wildlife, including the park’s large herbivores like elephants and deer.

  • Grasslands: The park also boasts vast expanses of grasslands that add to its ecological diversity. These grassy meadows provide grazing areas for herbivores and prime hunting grounds for predators. The park’s grasslands are essential for maintaining a balanced ecosystem.


  • Bengal Tigers: Rajaji National Park’s primary aim, when declared a national park in 1983, was the protection of the Bengal tiger. These magnificent big cats roam the park’s dense forests and are the pride of the park’s conservation efforts.

  • Leopards: In addition to tigers, leopards also find a home within the park’s rocky terrains and dense vegetation. They are elusive and expertly camouflaged, making them a thrilling sight for fortunate visitors.

  • Asian Elephants: The park’s diverse geography provides ample sustenance for a significant population of Asian elephants. These gentle giants can be seen grazing near water bodies, often with their adorable calves in tow.

  • Birdlife: Rajaji National Park is a paradise for birdwatchers. Its diverse habitats, including riverbanks, wetlands, and forests, attract over 315 species of birds. You can spot magnificent avian creatures like the great hornbill, kingfishers, eagles, and colorful migratory birds, depending on the season.

Location and Geography of Rajaji National Park
Location and Geography of Rajaji National Park


    • Road Networks: The park’s well-maintained road networks and proximity to major cities like Haridwar and Dehradun make it easily accessible by road. Visitors can drive to various entry points, such as Chilla, Kunao, and Motichur, from where they can commence their wildlife safaris and exploration.

    • Rail and Air Connectivity: Haridwar and Dehradun have railway stations and airports, making it convenient for travelers to reach the region. From these transportation hubs, you can hire local transport to reach the park’s entry points.


Rajaji National Park, with its strategic location and captivating geography, stands as a testament to India’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage. It serves as a crucial sanctuary for endangered species and offers a unique opportunity for nature enthusiasts to witness the wonders of the Himalayan foothills. The park’s lush forests, pristine rivers, and diverse wildlife make it a must-visit destination for those seeking a connection with nature’s beauty. So, if you’re planning a trip to Uttarakhand, don’t forget to explore the natural wonders of Rajaji National Park.

FAQs RELATED TO Location and Geography of Rajaji National Park

Q1: What is the best time to visit Rajaji National Park?

A1: The best time to visit Rajaji National Park is from November to June, as the weather is pleasant, and wildlife sightings are more frequent during this period. 

Q2: Are there accommodation options available within the park?

A2: Yes, there are several forest rest houses and guesthouses within the park, managed by the Uttarakhand Forest Department. These accommodations provide an opportunity to stay close to nature and require advance booking.

Q3: Is it safe to visit Rajaji National Park for families with children?

A3: Yes, Rajaji National Park is generally safe for families with children. However, it’s essential to follow park rules, stay within designated areas, and be cautious during wildlife safaris to ensure safety.

Q4: Can I go on a self-guided safari in the park, or do I need a guide?

A4: While self-guided safaris are not recommended, you can explore the park with the assistance of trained naturalists and guides. They can enhance your wildlife viewing experience and provide valuable insights into the park’s ecology.

Q5: Are there any restrictions on photography in the park?

A5: Photography is allowed in the park, but you must obtain prior permission for professional and commercial photography. It’s important to follow ethical wildlife photography guidelines and avoid disturbing the animals or their habitats.